Grade 8 | English | Analogies, Spellings and Analogies, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO
What are Analogies?
Analogies are a comparison between two things such that a relationship is established between the two given things.
For example, Milk is to Cow what Wool is to Sheep.
This means that the cow gives us milk and sheep gives us wool.
Sword is to warrior what Pen is to a writer.
Dictionary meaning of Analogy:
An analogy is a comparison of two things to highlight their similarities. Often the things being compared are very different, but an analogy highlights how they are alike. An analogy is used to compare two ideas in order to explain one (usually the first one).
In Simple Words:
An Analogy is which compares the relationship between two things or ideas to highlight or explain a point of similarity.
Example: Dolphin: Pod:: Penguin: Colony
We can say in from the above analogy that: Dolphin is to Pod as Penguin is to Colony. Both are collective nouns as they represent the groups. Pod for Dolphin and Colony for Penguin – Both the pairs of words in the analogy illustrate the same relationship.
NOTE: There can be many types of analogies from different concepts or point of views, here are few of them with explanations and examples so as to make it easier and understandable:
Types of Analogy Relationship
Animals and Habitat
Shows the habitat of the animal.
Bear : Den :: Shark : Ocean
Shows similarity as to opposites.
Arrogant : Polite :: Atrocious : Kind
Shows the similarity as in meaning.
Shrewd : Keen :: Ecstatic : Delightful
Part to whole
Shows a part of the whole.
Sand : Beach :: Water : Ocean
Category or Type
Shows a type or kind of something.
Flute: Instrument :: Painting : Art
Cause and Effect
Shows a cause or indication of something.
Hungry: Eat :: Thirsty : Drink
Degree of Intensity
Shows Small or Large
Hot : Boiling :: Cool : Freezing
Performer to Related Action
Shows one who does or performs some action.
Chef : Cooks :: Singer : Sings
Object to Function
Show the use of things.
Nose : Smell :: Ear : Hear
Symbol and Representation
Show the symbol to represent things.
Rose : Love :: Dove : Peace
Shows a particular order in which related things follow each other.
March : April :: Spring : Summer
Shows a thing or person that is the result of an action or process.
Honey : Bee :: Milk : Cow
Place and Object
Shows the places where the objects belong.
London : Big Ben :: India : Taj Mehal
Odd one out
(Used in our syllabus)
Shows the incorrect or dissimilar item among a similar group of things.
Big: Huge: Gigantic: Tiny: Large.
Here Tiny is the odd one out, as all others have the same meaning.