Grade 6 | English | Direct and Indirect, Narration: Direct and Indirect, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO
There are two ways of reporting the words of a speaker:
1. We may quote his actual words. This is called Direct Speech.
2. We may report what he said without actually quoting him. This is called Indirect Speech.
Direct: Alice said, "It is a great opportunity."
Indirect: Alice said that it was a great opportunity.
· In the case of Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark the exact words of the speaker. In case of Indirect Speech, we do not.
Simple Present Tense
Simple Past Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense
The next day
The day before
The night before
He says, "I am glad to be here this evening."
He said that he was glad to be there that evening.
He said to me, "What are you doing?"
He asked me what I was doing.
Rex said to Alice, "Go away."
Rex ordered Alice to go away.
He said, "Alas! I am undone."
He exclaimed sadly that he was undone.
Gopi said, "I know her address."
Gopi said that he knew her address.