Grade 6, English Olympiad (CBSE) - Direct and Indirect 

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Grade 6  |   English  |   Direct and Indirect, Narration: Direct and Indirect, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO

NARRATION

There are two ways of reporting the words of a speaker:

1.     We may quote his actual words. This is called Direct Speech.

2.     We may report what he said without actually quoting him. This is called Indirect Speech.

 

Example:

Direct: Alice said, "It is a great opportunity."

Indirect: Alice said that it was a great opportunity.

 

Rule:

·        In the case of Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark the exact words of the speaker. In case of Indirect Speech, we do not.

 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

 

 

Simple Present Tense

Simple Past Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Shall

Should

Will

Would

Now

Then

Here

There

Ago

Before

Thus

So

Today

That day

Tomorrow

The next day

Yesterday

The day before

Last night

The night before

 

 

 

Examples:

 

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

 

 

He says, "I am glad to be here this evening."

He said that he was glad to be there that evening.

He said to me, "What are you doing?"

He asked me what I was doing.

Rex said to Alice, "Go away."

Rex ordered Alice to go away.

He said, "Alas! I am undone."

He exclaimed sadly that he was undone.

Gopi said, "I know her address."

Gopi said that he knew her address.

 

 

 


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