Grade 6, English Olympiad (CBSE) - Adjectives 

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Grade 6  |   English  |   Adjectives, Noun, Pronoun and Adjectives, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO

Adjectives

 

An Adjective is a word that describes or clarifies a noun or pronoun more clearly.

Example sweet, red, clever, German, depressed, sticky, shining.

We may say that an adjective is a word naming an attribute of a noun. Example: Technical.

 

Use of Adjectives:

Adjectives are used in a sentence as: 

1) They provide some information about a noun or a pronoun say about an objects size, shape, age, color, origin or may be the material.

2) It adds something to its meaning.

3) It is used to describe or point out some quality or quantity.

4) These are a large collection of words to describe nouns or which define more precisely the reference of a noun or pronoun.

 

Kinds of adjectives:

  • Adjective of Quality: is the adjective that refers to a quality of the noun.

Example: Famous, Loud, Fast, Hot, Brave, Good, Tall, Stupid, Red etc.

  • Adjective of Quantity: Also known as an Indefinite adjective, it tells us the quantity as to how much or how many the thing is meant for.

Example: Any, many, some, several, enough, much, little, all and twenty-five etc.

 

  • Numeral Adjective: It describes the position in which the noun i.e. a person, an animal or a thing stands/ occur. They also show the numbers to count or how many persons or things are there.

Example: First, One, Two, Hundred, Second, Tenth, Last and most, etc.

 

  • Distributive adjective: It denotes each member of a group as individuals/ or a number.

Example: Each, every, neither and either, etc.

 

  • Interrogative adjective: It is used to form questions or used before nouns to ask questions.

Example: Which, When, What, Whose, etc.

  • Possessive adjectives: Words that are like possessive pronouns, but they act as adjectives. They demonstrate a relationship of ownership. We can say that the words that come with the noun are adjectives and those that replace a noun or pronoun. These adjectives never use an apostrophe (‘).

Example: My, his, her, your, our, their, its etc.

  • Demonstrative Adjectives: Are used to point out the noun i.e. a person or thing referred to. Example: This, That, These, Those etc. What may also be used in certain situations.

 

  • Present Participle Adjectives: They are used as the main verb and adding ing to it.

Example: Walking (Walk + ing), reading (read + ing), cooking (cook + ing), etc.

 

  • Past Participle Adjectives: They are used as the main verb and adding en or ed to it.

Example: Written (Write + ing), Polished (Polish + ed), Painted (paint + ed), etc.

 

  • Adjectives of Comparison: It has three forms- Positive form, Comparative form and the Superlative form. These are explained with examples in the following table:

Table 1: Regular Adjectivesà

Positive form

Comparative form

Superlative from

It is the Base form.

To Compare within two things followed by ‘than’.

It is the comparison of three or more things, it is the highest or the superior form. When two or more things are compared the definite article ‘the’ is used before the superlative form. (As in the example under*)

High

Higher

Highest

Dry

Drier

Driest

Clean

Cleaner

Cleanest

Heavy

Heavier

Heaviest

Narrow

Narrower

Narrowest

Simple

Simpler

Simplest

Easy

Easier

Easiest

Hot

Hotter

Hottest

Noisy

Noisier

Noisiest

Cheap

Cheaper

Cheapest

Warm

Warmer

Warmest

Strong

Stronger

Strongest

Tall

Taller

Tallest

Long

Longer

Longest

Small

Smaller

Smallest

Big

Bigger

Biggest

Happy

Happier

Happiest

Funny

Funnier

Funniest

Sejal is so funny.

Sejal is funnier than her sister.

Sejal is the* funniest in the whole class.

 

Table 2: Irregular Adjectivesà

Positive form

Comparative form

Superlative from

Good

Better

Best

Bad

Worse

Worst

Far (Place and time)

Further

Furthest

Far (Place)

Farther

Farthest

Little (Amount)

Less

Least

Late (Order)

Latter

Last

Much/ Many

More

Most

Old (People)

Elder

Eldest

I am 6 years old.

My brother is elder to me.

Mukesh is the eldest amongst us.

 

Table 3: When the adjective has three or more syllables, more and most are added before the following words à

Positive form

Comparative form

Superlative from

Important

More important

Most Important

Expensive

More expensive

Most expensive

Intelligent

More intelligent

Most intelligent

Interesting

More interesting

Most interesting

Dangerous

More dangerous

Most dangerous

Attractive

More attractive

Most attractive

Talkative

More talkative

Most talkative

Adi is very talkative.

Adi is more talkative than Vipul.

Adi is the most talkative among the students.

 


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