Grade 4 | Maths | Time, Money, Time and Calendar, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO
We use clock or watch to know time.
There are 3 hands in a clock - hour, minute and second hand.
The hour hand is shortest and slowest moving. It completes one full rotation in 12 hours.
The minute hand is the longest. It completes 1 full rotation in 1 hour.
The second is the thinnest. It is the fastest moving hand. It completes one rotation in 1 minute.
60 seconds=1 Minute
60 Minutes=1 Hour
24 Hours=1 Day
Reading time :
1. The hour hand is slightly ahead of the middle of 7 and the minute hand is at 3. It means currently running hour is 7. As the minute hand is on 3 it means 3 X 5=15 minutes. So time is 15 minutes past 7 or Quarter past 15 minutes.
2. The hour hand is reaching towards the middle of 6 and the minute hand is at 9. As hour hand has not reached the middle of 6 but reaching towards it, currently running hour is 5. As the minute hand is on 9, it means 9 X 5=45 minutes. So the time is 45 minutes past 5. As it is only 15 minutes (60-45) left to reach 60 and complete the 6th hour we can also say that it is quarter to 6.