Grade 4, English Olympiad (CBSE) - Adjective 

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Grade 4  |   English  |   Adjective, Noun, Pronoun and Adjectives, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO

Adjective

An adjective is a word which describes a noun or pronoun. Adjectives can add important information like quality, quantity or even used to compare the noun or pronoun. E.g. a wise man, a red box etc.

An adjective can also describe another adjective. E.g. A giant wild elephant.

Types of adjectives :

  1. Descriptive: Adjectives which are used to describe nouns and pronouns. E.g. beautiful, wise, fat, thin etc.
  2. Quantitative: Adjectives which describe the quantity of something. It answers questions like "how much?" and "how many?". E.g. How much sugar do you want? How many days are there in a leap year?
  3. Demonstrative: They point out or refer to the noun or pronoun. E.g. This movie, That book etc.
  4. Possessive: Adjectives which show possession. E.g. My book, His dog etc.
  5. Interrogative: Adjectives which are used to ask questions. E.g. Whose, Which, What etc
  6. Distributive: Adjectives which describe definite members out of a group. E.g. Each, every, neither, any, either etc.

 

Imp concept: Every though looks like plural but is used for referring all the members of a group individually. Thus it should be treated as a singular.

E.g. 

Wrong: Every student love maths.
Correct: Every student loves maths.
You can also say: All students love maths.

Wrong: Every babies are cute.
Correct: Every baby is cute.

 

Degrees of Adjective: 

  1. Positive degree: Adjective in the normal form which is used for describing and comparing.
  2. Comparative degree: An adjective which is used to compare two things. Than is used here. E.g. He is smarter than Rohit. 
  3. Superlative degree: An adjective which is used to compare more than two things. E.g. Riya is the best dancer in our school.

Rules for degrees:

1. When the adjective is monosyllable word (a word having only one vowel sound) then we add "er" at the end for comparative and "est" for superlative degrees. 

E.g. Big - Bigger - Biggest.

Few words having 2 syllables are also treated the same way. E.g. Wise, Loud etc.

2. When the adjective has 2 or more than 2 syllables then we put "more" before the word for comparative and "most" for superlative degrees. 

E.g. Intelligent - More Intelligent - Most Intelligent.

3. Irregular forms: Some adjectives have totally different words in their comparative and superlative forms. 

E.g.

Good - Better - Best.

Bad - Worse - Worst.

Little - Less - Least.

Much - More - Most.

 

Imp concept: "The" is used before the superlative form of adjectives to denote their definiteness. 

E.g. 

Wrong: Riya is a best dancer in our school.

Wrong: Riya is best dancer in our school.

Correct: Riya is the best dancer in our school.

 


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