Grade 4, Science Olympiad (CBSE) - India - Our Heritage- Original 

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Grade 4  |   Science  |   India - Our Heritage- Original, Indian heritage, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO

?Our Heritage - India

Something that has been inherited by us from our ancestors is called heritage. Our country has diverse traditions and cultures. Each ethnic group has its own story of its origin on this land of seven rivers. The presence of a large number of religious groups and residing in our country is responsible for the vast and vivid culture and heritage of our country. Even UNESCO has preserved 35 rich cultural heritage sites in India. This rich and well-established culture of India needs to be addressed that can inspire future generations in so many ways. Let's us discuss some of the brilliant monumental heritage in India that is very precious to all of us.  

Taj Mahal-  Situated at Agra, this monument has been included among the seven wonders of the world. It was made up of white marble by the Mughal ruler- Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1983. 

Hawa Mahal- Located at Jaipur, it is also known as Palace of breeze which was built in 1799. It is made up of red and pink stone. 

 Red Fort- Situated in the national capital of India - New Delhi, It is also known as  'Lal Quila'. Every year on the occasion of Independence day(15 August), the honourable Prime Minister of India hosts the Indian "Tricolour Flag" at the main gate of this Historical Monument. 

The Golden Temple- Harmandir Sahib or Golden Temple, is the symbol of brotherhood and equality, situated in Amritsar, Punjab. It was built in the mid- 18th century by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia. This place is the most sacred place for Sikhs. People from different religions come to visit the place from all over the world. 

Jama Masjid Mosque- It was built by the Mughal emperor- Shah Jahan and around 5000 workers provided their aid for the construction of this unique monument. Thousands of people gather to offer their prayers during the occasion of Ramazan.  

 We Indians celebrate numerous festivals in a diversified form that reflects our cultural diversity in a subtle way. So, Let's have a look at the some of festival heritage found in India. 

Diwali- The festival of lights is celebrated by lightning the lamp or Diya. People of all religion celebrate this festival with enthusiasm and fervor. In North India, Diwali is observed to commemorate the  return of lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana. It is most celebrated in the Months of October or November. 

Holi- The festival of colours is an ancient and popular Hindu religious festival celebrated throughout India. It is usually observed in the spring season on the Phalgun Purnima that occurs around the month of March. 

Christmas- This festival is one of the biggest and popular festivals in the world. Christmas is observed on the 25th of December every year to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. Mostly, this festival is celebrated by the Christian community but nowadays, the Hindu and Muslim community has also started celebrating this festival with enthusiasm. 

Pongal- It is a four-day-long harvest festival that is celebrated in the southern parts of India. This festival is equivalent to the Makar-Sankranti that is observed in North India that is celebrated on the 13th of January. This is a com-memorable occasion to celebrate the ascendance of the Sun-God in the Northern Hemisphere. 

Eid-Ul- Filter- It is a Muslim festival that is celebrated after the month of Ramadan ends on the next day, after observing the moon on the last night of Ramadan month. Kids receive gifts and eidi in the form of money from adults. The festival intends the message of forgiveness, enjoyment and feasting. On this  occasion people wear new clothes and meet their relatives with warm regards.

Some festivals are celebrated on the National level and are celebrated by all the communities equally. Such festivals are-

Gandhi Jayanti- It is celebrated on 02 October as the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi who was given the  title of 'the Father of Nation'. Every year this day is celebrated with great enthusiasm showing our gratitude towards the unmatched contribution made by Mahatma Gandhi for the independance of India. 

Independence Day- Every year on 15th August, Independence day is celebrated to mark the independence of India from the brutal reign of british government. India became independent on 15 August in 1947.  The honourable Prime minister hosts the flag in Red fort on this day. 

Republic Day-  This day commemorate the adoption of our constitution which was formed by Dr. B.R Ambedkar. The adoption of our Constitution occurred on 26th January 1950 and every year since then, the flag hosting ceremony is performed to pay homage to this great contribution. 

India also has a diverse form of food due to its ethical diversity. 

Major indian traditional dishes are :

Kashmir: kesar pulav, Rogan josh, dum aloo
Punjab: makki kee roti sarson ka saag, chole bhature, rajma-chawal

Gujarat: dhokla, thepla. Khandavi, gujrati kadi
Maharashtra : vada pav, pav-bhaji, srikhand, modak
Bihar: litti chokha, jhalmuri, sattu parantha, tilkut
Rajasthan: daal bati churma, gatte ke sabji, pyaj kachori
West Bengal: doi machh, sandesh, daab jhingri
Andhra Pradesh: hyderabadi biryaani
Tamilnadu: masala dosa, idlis, appam, rasam, chettinad chicken and pongal


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