Grade 3 | English | Articles, Articles and Punctuation, Olympiad, CBSE, ICSE, SOF, ITO
An article is a word which is used with and give some information about the noun about its definiteness.
There are 2 types of articles:
1. Definite articles: Definite articles means that noun being referred is unique and identifieable to the person who is talking and to the person who is listening.
We use "the" to denote a definite article.
2. Indefinite articles:
Indefinite articles refer to an object which is not specific and the listener is not able to identify it particularly.
We use "a" or "an" before a noun to indicate indefinite article.
"a" is used with words starting with a consonant sound.
E.g. A dog, a cow.
Tricky usage: a university and not an university because "university" has the starting sound as "yu".
"an" is used with words starting with a vowel sound.
E.g. An apple, An umbrella.
Tricky usage: An M.A., An honest man, An hour etc.
IMP: Zero articles
When an article is not required we call it zero article.
Zero article is used :
1) with proper nouns
2) with means of transport
3) with the common expression of time and place.
E.g. at midnight, at office
4) With common nouns when we refer to a group generally e.g. Frogs are amphibians.
5) With the name of the cities and countries. If we refer to a group of countries or kingdom of a country then "the" is used. e.g. The United States of America, The Kingdom of Bahrain etc.
6) With material noun when they are used in general sense like gold is precious."
Exception: If we refer to a group of countries or kingdom of a country then "the" is used. e.g. The United States of America, The Kingdom of Bahrain etc.